India ranks among the top three countries that ask Google to remove the most content, citing defamation, privacy/security, and religious offence as some of the primary reasons, a new study by Surfshark found. The study which analysed data from Google’s Transparency Report between 2011-2020, found that India's removal requests have increased rapidly since 2016. [caption id="attachment_153909" align="aligncenter" width="846"] | Source: Google Transparency Report[/caption] The lack of transparency on the exact grounds for which content takedown requests are issued by the Indian government may indicate that the online space for exercising fundamental rights such as freedom of speech is shrinking. Most removal requests in India were on defamation Defamation (2,757), "other" (1,501), and privacy and security (1,250) that were found to be the first, second, and third most common reasons for making requests, the study showed. Over 1,131 government requests were made on the grounds of religious offences. Reasons like suicide promotion, geographical dispute, electoral law, impersonation, etc., were grouped into the "Other" category due to low figures, according to the study. [caption id="attachment_153910" align="alignnone" width="1192"] Source: Google Transparency Report[/caption] 2018 was the year of takedown requests: The number of requests made on grounds of religious offence was the highest in 2018 (547 requests). Similarly, it also saw a large number of requests due to 'privacy and security' (305), defamation (751), and so on. Overall, it was also the year with the most number of requests (2,474) across all takedown labels, the study found. [caption id="attachment_153912" align="alignnone" width="1315"] Source: Surfshark[/caption] All-time largest…
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