wordpress blog stats
Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?

, ,

China expands control over data collected by tech companies with new laws: Report

China is expanding and strengthening its control over data collected by tech companies, including US-based companies, by enacting new laws and measures, The Wall Street Journal reported on June 12.

The Chinese government is demanding big tech companies like Tencent, Alibaba, and ByteDance to open up the data they collect from users to help the government make “objective and accurate analyses”, the report stated. These demands are driven by the belief that the government should be able to access the huge troves of data collected by tech giants and because of the worry that tech giants might create alternative power centres in the country, the report added.

Two new laws to help China on this front

The following two laws, which build on the 2017 Cybersecurity Law, “will subject almost all data-related activities to government oversight, including their collection, storage, use and transmission,” the report states:

Data Security Law: The Data Security Law, which was passed last Thursday and goes into effect on September 1, sees private-sector data classified according to its importance to the interests of the state. The vaguely worded provision will make it easier for authorities to demand data they deem essential to the state and make it harder for businesses to refuse, the report stated.

Personal Information Protection Law: The proposed Personal Information Protection Law, which was updated by China’s legislature in April, limits the types of data that private-sector firms can collect. But unlike the European Union’s data protection regulation, on which it is modelled, the Chinese version does not place any restrictions for data collection by government entities, the report stated.

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

China’s 14th five-year plan, the blueprint that will shape the country’s policies for the next five years, emphasizes the need for the government to strengthen control over private firms’ data, the first time a five-year plan has done so, the report stated.

Data localisation requirements for foreign firms operating in China

Foreign firms are not being spared by the Chinese government’s expanding control over data. In 2017 the Chinese government passed a data localisation law requiring companies to store personal information and important data that is collected in China within China. Although the law only applies to “critical infrastructure providers,” this is a loosely defined category that includes foreign banks and tech companies, the report stated. Since last year, the data localisation law is a prerequisite for foreign companies wanting to do business in China. Citigroup and Blackrock were only given licenses once they agreed to comply with this law, the report stated.

Tech companies like Apple and Microsoft, which generally pride themselves in safeguarding the privacy of their users, agreed to comply with the new law. Apple, in fact, agreed to comply with this law and move its Chinese customers’ data onto servers in a data centre owned and physically managed by a Chinese state-owned company. In addition to this, Apple made several other compromises in China: using different encryption technology for Chinese customer data and storing the encryption key in China, sharing customer data with Chinese authorities by making a state-owned company the legal owner of Chinese customers’ iCloud data, and proactively removing apps that might offend Chinese authorities.

US electric-car maker Tesla also agreed last month to build more data centres in China to store information generated by the vehicles it sells there, the report stated.

India too is currently working on the draft Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019, which mandates that sensitive personal data must be mirrored in the country and that critical personal data (which will be defined in a later stage) cannot be transferred outside the country.

Centralised data storage

The Chinese banking authorities proposed new regulations last year that require fintech firms like Ant and Tencent to transmit credit statistics that they have gathered into either a centralized system run by the central bank or a credit-rating agency controlled by the state. This came after both these companies started gathering better credit statistics than the state-owned banks because of the data they could collect from users on their apps, the report stated.

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

China is also testing out another initiative where private-sector firms share data with authorities through a unified data centre. For example, the city of Shenzhen is building a data centre that would “centralize the storage, sharing and supervision of data collected by government entities as well as companies in finance, education, telecommunications and other areas,” the report stated. Although the specifics of this initiative are not yet known, the city government in a draft regulation said that “public data is a new type of state-owned asset, and its data rights belong to the state.”

Also Read

Written By

MediaNama’s mission is to help build a digital ecosystem which is open, fair, global and competitive.



The US and other countries' retreat from a laissez-faire approach to regulating markets presents India with a rare opportunity.


When news that Walmart would soon accept cryptocurrency turned out to be fake, it also became a teachable moment.


The DSCI's guidelines are patient-centric and act as a data privacy roadmap for healthcare service providers.


In this excerpt from the book, the authors focus on personal data and autocracies. One in particular – Russia.  Autocracies always prioritize information control...


By Jai Vipra, Senior Resident Fellow at Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy The use of new technology, including facial recognition technology (FRT) by police...

You May Also Like


135 job openings in over 60 companies are listed at our free Digital and Mobile Job Board: If you’re looking for a job, or...


Rajesh Kumar* doesn’t have many enemies in life. But, Uber, for which he drives a cab everyday, is starting to look like one, he...


By Aroon Deep and Aditya Chunduru You’re reading it here first: Twitter has complied with government requests to censor 52 tweets that mostly criticised...


Google has released a Google Travel Trends Report which states that branded budget hotel search queries grew 179% year over year (YOY) in India, in...

MediaNama is the premier source of information and analysis on Technology Policy in India. More about MediaNama, and contact information, here.

© 2008-2021 Mixed Bag Media Pvt. Ltd. Developed By PixelVJ

Subscribe to our daily newsletter
Your email address:*
Please enter all required fields Click to hide
Correct invalid entries Click to hide

© 2008-2021 Mixed Bag Media Pvt. Ltd. Developed By PixelVJ