So, we’re getting ready for our #NAMA discussion on Friday, the 11th of January, at the India Habitat Centre in Delhi. We’ve got about 85 people confirmed, but in case you’d still like to attend, please apply here. Here’s a long reading list to prepare for our event, largely with historical context, so you’re up to speed on the issues. In case you’d like to recommend links for this list, please feel free to email me links at First up, my take: #NetNeutrality: Issues with the TRAI’s consultation paper on Internet Services Licensing

The Regulatory reads

Mostly documents here, for reference:
  1. Consultation Paper on Regulatory Framework for Over-The-Top (OTT) Communication Services, TRAI
  2. Consultation Paper On Regulatory Framework for Over-the-top (OTT) services, TRAI (2015) Read the abridged version here
  3. Report of DoT Committee on Net Neutrality, Chapter 8: OTT Services and Impact on Telecom Sector, DoT (2015). Read the Abridged Version here
  4. BEREC report on OTT services, BEREC


OTT is telco-speak for VoIP and messaging, and there’s historical context for you to consider:
  1. The Lowdown: TRAI’s recommendations for Internet Telephony from telcos, ISPs and VNOs, MediaNama
  2. What mobile operators have said about VoIP in the past, MediaNama
  3. DoT allows telcos to make calls over the internet; no clarity for VoIP apps, MediaNama
  4. VoIP app Nanu shuts India operations, citing delays in TRAI ruling, MediaNama
  5. No evidence of VoIP cannibalization of Voice – Airtel India CEO Gopal Vittal, MediaNama
  6. WhatsApp, other OTTs slash 81% of operators’ revenue in 13 years, The Guardian
  7. ‘Airtel, Idea, Vodafone derailing our plans to launch VoIP services in India’: Ringo, MediaNama

On lawful Interception issues

Law enforcement access is a key component of this consultation
  1. India’s draft encryption policy puts user privacy in danger, MediaNama
  2. The Indian government puts all computers under surveillance, MediaNama
  3. Is the new ‘interception’ order old wine in a new bottle?, CIS
  4. India attempts to turn online companies into censors and undermines security – Mozilla responds, Mozilla
  5. India Gears Up to Defend Internet Rights Regime as it Operationalises Mass Surveillance Project, The Wire
  6. Australia Passes Law Targeting WhatsApp and Signal, Bloomberg

Additional reads

  1. How telecom companies can win in the digital revolution, McKinsey
  2. WhatsApp, Viber and Skype: Pakistan Telecommunication Authority may regulate mobile apps and OTT services, Business Recorder
  3. All Communications Services Are Not Created Equal – Substitution of OTT Communications Services for ECS from a Consumer Perspective, SSRN
  4. Regulating Over-the-Top Services in Australia – From Universal Service Obligation Scheme to OTT Regulation, SSRN
  5. OTT – threat or opportunity for African Telcos?, ResearchGate
  6. OTT Regulation Redux – New facts, same old worries, FactorDaily

Historical telecom operator submissions on OTT

The TRAI has removed these from its website, but we have copies
  1. Reliance Jio
  2. Bharti Airtel
  3. Vodafone and Idea Cellular
  4. BSNL and MTNL
  5. Reliance Communications