India has crossed 100 Internet Shutdowns in 2018, but very little is discussed about how they affect daily lives. MediaNama is publishing a series on the impact that Internet Shutdowns have on people’s lives. These were originally published by the Centre for Internet & Society, and written by reporters working with 101Reporters.com, in a report which was released on May 17th 2018.

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By Armstrong Chanambam

Imphal, Manipur

Manipuri women don’t shy away from leading from the front. For close to five centuries they have held sway at Ema Keithel, a market operated and controlled exclusively by women. Every day thousands of people throng the bustling streets leading up to the two market complexes to shop for their daily essentials. Picture Courtesy: Taapaash Chanambam

In this photo from December 2016, women take out a torch rally in Imphal to protest against the ‘three controversial bills’, so dubbed after the massive protests that their drafting and introduction in the Manipur Legislative Assembly kicked up. The three bills sought to regulate the entry of non-tribals into tribal lands. Picture Courtesy: Siddharth DH

Women praying for the nine victim outside Churachandpur District Hospital morgue at Churachandpur Manipur. Express photo by Deepak Shijagurumayum

On December 18, the government shut down the Internet. Pictured here tending to his backyard, human rights activist Babloo Loitongbam said, the 12-day long information blackout was a waste of precious time and opportunity to fight the rumours and inflammatory statements with facts and logical arguments. The shutdown only aggravated the situation as all attempts to mitigate the tension created by passing the three controversial bills by uploading their exact contents failed. Picture Courtesy: Taapaash Chanambam

Loitongbam, a Fulbright scholar and now the founder and executive director of Human Rights Alert (HRA), says the internet shutdown prevented saner voices from explaining that the bills didn’t, in fact, impinge on the rights of the tribal communities who were so vehemently protesting it. The panicked reaction from the government only added into the confusion, he says. Seen here over a road near the base of a two-lane flyover bridge in Imphal, where a woman protester stands guard as a pyre burns in the background. Picture Courtesy: Siddharth DH

The internet is only a medium of exercising one’s freedom of expression and people must have the right to decide the truth for themselves, he says. A long-time associate of Iron Sharmila, here he is seen in 2015 taking part in a sit-in to express solidarity with her as she entered the 15th year of her indefinite hunger strike. Picture Courtesy: HRA office from Babloo Loitongbam

 

Loitomgbam knows what it is like to live under a perpetual internet shutdown. Despite switching internet service providers, his troubles with poor connectivity at work and home persist; repeated complaints to the regional office of the Shillong-based service providers didn’t seem to solve the issue. Picture Courtesy: Taapaash Chanambam

The inside joke among his associates at the HRA is that there is a bug installed somewhere in the office that is sabotaging their Internet. It has sinister implications. After all, Loitomgbam, through HRA, has been documenting human rights violations, organising victims and striving to provide them with redressal mechanisms. Picture Courtesy: Taapaash Chanambam

Whenever the patchy internet disrupts his emails to and from other human rights organisations across the country and rest of the world, he visits Venus Net, one of the most popular cyber cafes in Kwakeithal Bazaar. But that December, there was nothing. All cyber cafes were shut, which gave those spreading misinformation a free rein for more than 10 days and disallowing those trying to diffuse the situation by presenting the ground reality, says Loitomgbam. Picture Courtesy: Taapaash Chanambam

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Armstrong Chanambam is a Imphal-based freelance writer and a member of 101Reporters, a pan-India network of grassroots reporters.

Cross-posted here with permission under the CC BY-ND 4.0 license