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One Aadhaar, two dates of birth: MP High Court orders In-Depth Investigation


During the hearing of a habeas corpus petition, the Madhya Pradesh High Court came across two Aadhaar cards with the same number belonging to the same individual (a girl), but with different dates of birth.

The petitioner had produced an Aadhaar card for the girl containing the birth date 2.9.2000, while the Aadhaar card produced by the girl had the date 01.01.1997.

The Court directed the UIDAI to place on record the procedure to incorporate data as well as correct or update it.

“State functionaries are also directed to cause in-depth enquiry in respect of the authenticity of the Aadhaar Cards which is the subject matter in the present petition; as this Court is not satisfied the manner in which the enquiry has been conducted and the status report has been filed.”

The ASG had asked for an Adjournment on the 16th March to enable the UIDAI to file its reply and the case was to be heard again on the 27th of March. This story will be updated as more information is known.

MediaNama’s take

The Aadhaar enrolment data itself being collected and the responsibility of verification lying with the external registrars conducting enrolment and updates, the UIDAI actually has no way to verify that the data originally recorded or updated in their records is accurate. Registrars themselves are dependent on documents submitted by applicants and there isn’t enough funding to physically verify or cross check the submitted information.

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However, the UIDAI stated in the Supreme Court, in replies filed to questions asked by the petitioners in the Constitutional Challenge to Aadhaar group of cases being heard by the 5 judge bench that it keeps records of scanned documents submitted by applicants while applying for Aadhaar – while there is no way to ascertain the authenticity of these documents, it will be interesting to see if the UIDAI can produce the information the Court has requested for.

Written By

Vidyut is a commentator on socio-political issues with a keen interest in behavioral sciences, digital rights and security and manages to engage her various proficiencies to bring an unusual perspective to issues related with the intersection of tech and people.

MediaNama’s mission is to help build a digital ecosystem which is open, fair, global and competitive.



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