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Licensing, roaming charges, spectrum management, privacy of users: TRAI’s IoT paper

IoT based devices and smart systems installed at homes, offices are now under the TRAI's scrutiny, as it seeks to regulate Machine-to-Machine (M2M or IoT) devices under a licensing framework, set national/international roaming charges, assign spectrum, determine QoS and privacy of users, among others things. In a consultation paper (pdf) titled “Spectrum, Roaming and QoS related requirements in M2M Communications”, TRAI notes that IoT devices communicate over several networks: WiFi, Bluetooth, cellular networks, another specialized Local and Wide Area Networks. Therefore, “in case of wireless, different spectrum bands may be used…they may be used on IP protocol but could also use SMS, USSD, and automated calls...,” TRAI added. It is seeking comments from stakeholders to regulate Machine-to-Machine communication or broadly wired/wireless networks that allow devices, machines to communicate with each other. The regulator has identified 8 different industry verticals in which IoT/M2M devices can operate, and TRAI says that it is hence necessary to have a “collaborative approach” to form a common architecture (for devices) to facilitate interoperability. “This will not only allow a uniform framework but also achieve economies of scale and interoperability standards across different domains,” according to  TRAI. Why TRAI wants to regulate IoT/M2M The regulator proposes several reasons throughout the paper stating why M2M and IoT needs to be regulated. These include: -Reducing complexity by creating an open infrastructure that could ultimately lead to services and applications to run on a single framework. -Cost savings by pooling several independent application under singular architecture or framework. -To…

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