In a consultation paper (pdf), TRAI has recommended that standard interconnection agreements (SIA) and model interconnection agreements (MIA) be applied for revenue sharing between IPTV and Head-end In The Sky (HITS) players, Multiple System Operators (MSOs) with Local Cable Operators (LCOs). TRAI also recommended that since HITS & IPTV services are at a nascent stage, the revenue share between them and LCOs could be left to market forces as well. Currently, regulations specify that revenue arrangements between HITS, IPTV, MSOs and LCOs can be finalized through mutual negotiations. However, if the two parties fail to reach an agreement, TRAI says provisions in the Interconnection Regulations, 2012 may be used for an alternative structure; these include MIA and SIA agreements. TRAI introduced the MIA and SIA agreement regulations for largely governing interconnection between an MSO and LCO. HITS operators use specialized antenna and equipment different from a DTH provider to pull more/better TV signals from communication satellites and deliver it through cable. IPTV operators deliver TV signals over the Internet using cable systems. While MSOs are companies that owns and operates more than one cable TV systems. Local Cable Operators (LCOs) usually get into mutual agreements with MSOs or HITS/IPTV to distribute TV channels in a localized or remote area. It also made recommendations on time period for providing signals and other agreement terms: Time-period for providing signals: As per existing regulations, when an LCO makes a request for acquiring TV signals from an HITS or IPTV operator, the request shall be considered within…
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