Following the tabling of a report on the Electronic Delivery of Services bill, 2011, by the Standing Committee on Information
Technology in the Parliament, a panel has asked the Department of Information Technology to rethink its decision of bringing out a new legislation on electronic delivery of government services like birth and death certificates, tax deposit and collection of land records, among others as it felt that the Information Technology Act, 2000 could be amended to include the e-governance guidelines, reports Deccan Herald.
In its report the committee said that it was unable to comprehend the intention of the government while bringing a separate legislation for electronic delivery of services when the model state electronic services delivery rules were being formulated under the IT Act, and that the IT Act could have been amended to facilitate electronic delivery of services and the same should be reconsidered after consulting IT and legal experts.
PRS Legislative research has published (pdf) a sumary of the report. Highlights from the Committee’s report:
– Introduction & purpose of the bill: The Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 17, 2011. It requires the central and state governments and all public authorities to provide all services electronically. It establishes commissions at the centre and state level to monitor implementation of electronic delivery of services (EDS) and for redressal of grievances.
– Why not amend IT Act: The Committee noted that rules on electronic delivery of services (EDS) were notified under the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act). It also noted that various states had made laws on EDS.
Committee’s Recommendation: It observed that the purpose of the Bill could be achieved through the IT Act, and that the proposal should be reconsidered before the Bill is considered in Parliament. In the alternative, the Bill should be a model law that states could adopt when enacting their own law.
– Inadequate infrastructure: The Committee noted that infrastructure to implement the Bill was inadequate. It mentioned that the broadband penetration in India was only 1.44%. The level of literacy and computer literacy was also low. There was also shortage of power supply, and lack of qualified manpower in departments to provide services electronically.
Committee’s Recommendation: It suggested that there’s a need to increase computer literacy and power supply.
– Provision for exclusion: The Bill allows departments to exclude services from the requirement if they are not capable of being delivered electronically. However, the Bill also empowers the departments exclude service, even if they can be delivered electronically, after consultations with Commissions under the Bill.
Committee’s Recommendation: The Committee has recommended that the consultations with the public and stakeholders should be held to review the services that may be excluded for either reason under the Bill.
– Costs: The Bill does not empower the government to levy a fee for services availed electronically. The Committee noted that the IT Act empowered the government to impose such a levy.
Committee’s Recommendation: It was of the opinion that the fee was “kept hidden”. It recommended that the Bill be amended to specify that no fee would be levied on poor persons.
– Simultaneous availability of services in manual mode: The Bill requires all departments to mandatorily provide services in electronic form. It is silent on whether these would be provided simultaneously in manual mode.
Committee’s Recommendation: The Committee recommended that the Bill should be amended to clarify that the option of availing services electronically and manually would always be available.
– Penalty: The Bill penalises the competent authority and its officials for violations, with a fine of Rs 5,000 and a fine of Rs 20,000 for persistent default. The Bill does not penalise persons employed by the government to run
computer kiosks for similar violations.
Committee’s Recommendation: The Committee recommended that the Bill be amended to include such employees.
– Issue of privacy & security: The Committee observed that the Bill did not specifically address issues of privacy and security.
Committee’s Recommendation: It recommended that amendments be made in the Bill or the Information Technology Act, 2000 to address this concern. It also recommended that the department ensure a robust mechanism to verify the authenticity of applicants. It noted that if the Aadhar was to be utilised, then the loopholes in Aadhar would have to be plugged as well.
– Grievance redressal: The Bill establishes a grievance redressal mechanism. This is in addition to grievance
redressal mechanisms under other laws and Bills.
Committee’s Recommendation: The Committee recommended that the department ensure that the mechanism under the Bill does not overlap with the system set up under the Citizens Charter Bill, 2011.
– Complaint categories: Under the Bill, complaints may be made for (a)non-delivery; and (b) deficiency in services.
Complaints may be made to grievance redressal officers (GRO). A person aggrieved by the order of the GRO, may make ‘representations’ to the commissions.
Committee’s Recommendation: The Committee recommended that instead of ‘representations’, appeals may be filed.
– The Committee observed that the Bill’s financial memorandum specified an allocation of Rs 4 crore from the consolidated fund for the functioning of the central commission. It did not take into account the cost of setting up the infrastructure for
providing services electronically.
– Provision for differently abled: The Bill does not specifically provide for the needs of differently-abled persons to assisted access.
Committee’s Recommendation: The Committee has recommended that this be addressed in the Bill and through Rules. It recommended that the authorities provide assisted access for those with special needs.