Sachin Pilot, the Minister of State for Communication and Information Technology, informed the Parliament of India, that a total of 799 persons were arrested under the Information Technology Act 2000, in the year 2010. This is a significant increase from 288 arrests in 2009, 178 arrests in 2008 and 154 arrests in 2007. He also added that a total of 294 persons were arrested under Cyber Crime related Sections of Indian Penal Code (IPC) during 2010, a moderate increase from 263 arrests in 2009. A total of 195 persons and 429 persons were arrested in 2008 and 2007 respectively.
Delhi reported the highest number of cyber crimes with 41 cyber crime cases registered in 2010, followed by Bengaluru with 40 cases, Chennai with 10 cases and Mumbai with 8 cases. In 2009, Delhi had reported 5 registered cyber crime cases while Bengaluru had reported 97 cases. Mumbai and Chennai had reported 4 and 2 cyber crime cases respectively.
This follows the minister’s previous announcement in December, where he had informed that around 966 cyber crime cases had been booked under the Information Technology Act in 2010, as per the general cyber crime data maintained by National Crime Records Bureau and 356 cyber crime cases had been booked under Cyber Crime related Sections of Indian Penal Code (IPC) in 2010. Pilot had also stated that the number of Government websites being hacked by various hacker groups had however marginally dipped to 219 websites in January – October 2011, from 252 websites in 2010.
Steps for Prevention: Sachin Pilot informed that Indian Government has taken several legal, technical and administrative steps to address the threat of cyber crime and financial frauds in the country. These include:
– The Information Technology Act, 2000 as amended by the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 has been enforced on October 27, 2009. This Act provides legal framework to address various types of cyber crimes and describe punishment for such crimes.
– Initiation of a major programme on the development of cyber forensics with a specific focus on cyber forensic tool and setting up of infrastructure for investigation and training for police and judicial officers to use this tool to collect, analyse the digital evidence and to present it in the court.
– Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) has been involved in providing basic and advanced training of Law Enforcement Agencies, Forensic labs and judiciary on the procedures and methodology of collecting, analyzing and presenting digital evidence. CERT-In also issues alerts, advisories and guidelines regarding cyber security threats and measures to be taken to prevent cyber incidents and enhance security of Information Technology systems.
– Setting up a Cyber forensic training lab at Training Academy of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), in order to provide basic and advanced training in Cyber Forensics and Investigation of Cyber Crimes to Police Officers associated with CBI. The Government has set up cyber forensic training and investigation labs in Kerala, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur and Jammu & Kashmir.
– Setting up a Cyber Forensic Labs at Mumbai, Bengaluru, Pune and Kolkata, in collaboration with Data Security Council of India (DSCI) and NASSCOM. Additionally, DSCI has organized 112 training programmes on Cyber Crime Investigation and awareness and a total of 3680 Police officials, judiciary and Public prosecutors have been trained through these programmes. Also, National Law School of India University, Bangalore has been conducting training on Cyber Law and Cyber Forensics through Judicial officers.
– Formulation of a set of investigation manuals with procedures for Search, Seizure analysis and presentation of digital evidence in courts. These manuals have been circulated to Law Enforcement Agencies in all States.
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