India continues to have the slowest average Internet speed among countries in the Asia Pacific region that were part of a study conducted by content delivery network Akamai Technologies for its Q1 2014 State of the internet report.
The State of the Internet report is based on the data collected by Akamai’s Intelligent Platform across several metrics. This report provides insight into attack traffic, Internet connection speeds and broadband adoption rates, and mobile connectivity.
The average Internet speed in India was 1.7 Mbps after an increase of 8.4% from the previous quarter and 34% from Q1 2013, ranking it 117 internationally in terms of average broadband speed. South Korea was the fastest in the region with an average speed of 23.6 Mbps, followed by Japan with 14.6 Mbps and Hong Kong with 13.3 Mbps. It is worth noting that these countries also have the fastest average Internet speeds internationally.
Akamai defines Broadband Internet as Internet connections with speeds of over 4Mbps, as opposed to TRAI’s definition of broadband as 512 Kbps. India ranks 85 internationally in broadband adoption, since only 4.9% of the connections here have speeds of over 4Mbps. This, despite a QoQ growth of 17% and YoY increase of 111%.
High-speed broadband adoption
Akamai defines broadband connections with speeds over 10 Mbps as high-speed broadband. As far as such connections are concerned, India was the only Asian country that grew at a rate below 10% among Asian countries that were part of the report. 0.7% of the Internet connections in India now qualify as High Speed broadband after a 39% increase from the previous quarter and a 106% increase annually. In this quarter, India no longer has the slowest high broadband adoption rate internationally, that position now belongs to Colombia with 0.4%.
Global high speed broadband adoption increased by 9.4% quarterly and 65% Year-on-Year (YoY). 77% of the Internet connections in South Korea can now be classified as high-speed, landing the country at the top of the list in terms of high-speed broadband adoption. The other countries that made it to the top ten are Japan, Switzerland, Netherlands, Hong Kong, Latvia, United States, Denmark, Belgium and Czech Republic.
The demand for 4K (Ultra HD) video content is on the rise internationally. According to Akamai, 10-20 Mbps bandwidth is the minimum speed needed for seamless streaming of 4K videos. Among all global connections that were part of the Akamai study, only 47 countries qualified for 4K readiness in the first quarter of 2014 with speeds of 15 Mbps speed or above. This accounted for only 11% of the Internet connections internationally. South Korea topped the list with 60% 4K readiness. India and China completed the list in the bottom two positions, with 0.3% and 0.2% of connections to Akamai at speeds above 15 Mbps, respectively.
Page load time: It takes 5563 milliseconds to load a page in India and 7987 ms if you are trying to open the same page using mobile internet. It is interesting to note that it used to take 5134 milliseconds to open a page in the previous quarter, indicating some slowdown in Q1 2014. However, the speed of mobile connections seems to have improved significantly, as it took 9123 ms to open a page from a mobile connection in the previous quarter. Due to these changes, the mobile penalty is down to 1.4x from 1.8x in Q4 2013. Mobile penalty is a measurement of how much slower a mobile internet connection is, in relation to a wired connection.
India was among the top ten sources for attack traffic along with 2.6%, up from 0.7% in the previous quarter, on the basis of IP address. China is still the biggest source of attack traffic internationally with 41%, down from 43% in the previous quarter, followed by US with 11%, down from 19% in Q4 2013.
Other sources of attack traffic were Indonesia, Taiwan, Brazil, Russia, Turkey, South Korea and Romania. The top 10 countries accounted for 75% of observed attacks, which was also lower than the 88% recorded in the previous quarter. Attacks originating from the Asia Pacific region increased from 56% in the Q4 2013 to 63% in this quarter.
Internationally, 55% of reported attacks were faced by enterprise (28%) and commerce (27%) customers. The Public Sector was next with 20% of attacks targeted towards it. Port 445 was the most targeted internationally and this was mostly in India, Taiwan, Russia, and Romania. This port is used for Microsoft-DS Active Directory, Windows shares Official and for Microsoft-DS SMB file sharing.