India’s 3G Auction Ends; Operator And Circle-Wise Results


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After 34 days and 183 rounds of bidding, India’s 3G spectrum auction is over. The results are provisional, and subject to government approval. The Indian government has managed to raise Rs. 67,718.95 crores from the auction, with Rs. 50,968.37 crores from private telecom operators, and Rs. 16,750.58 crores from the state owned telecom operators BSNL and MTNL. The two circles of Delhi and Mumbai together account for 39.19% of the total money raised, while the top five circles – Delhi, Mumbai, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh account for 65.56% of the bids. The auction results, in a single chart:

Download a printable version of the chart below (pdf)

The results, by telecom operator:

BSNL

While it did not participate in the 3G auction, BSNL will have to pay the Indian government Rs. 10,187 crores for spectrum in 20 of the 22 circles. Its costliest circles are Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, at Rs. 4418 crores for the three circles.

Bharti Airtel

– Will pay Rs. 12,295 crores for spectrum in 13 circles, the most amount spent by an operator in this auction
– Has won spectrum in: Delhi, Mumbai, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh (West), Rajasthan, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, North East, Jammu & Kashmir.
– It’s most expensive acquisition is spectrum in Delhi – Rs. 3316 crores, followed by Mumbai – Rs. 3247.07 crores
– Spectrum in 5 circles – Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh (West), West Bengal and Himachal Pradesh is in the 1959-1964 Mhz band.
– Spectrum in 5 other circles – Delhi, Rajasthan, Assam, North East & Jammu & Kashmir is in the 1969-1974 Mhz band
– Spectrum won in Mumbai and Karnataka is in the 1974-1979 Mhz Band, and in Bihar is in the 1964-1969 Mhz band
– In a statement, Airtel has said that they wanted to achieve a pan-India 3G footprint, but could not, due to “the auction format and severe spectrum shortage along with ensuing policy uncertainty”, which drove the prices beyond reasonable levels.

Reliance Communications

–  Will pay Rs. 8585.04 Crores for spectrum in 13 circles
–  Has won spectrum in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, North East, Jammu & Kashmir
– Is one of the three operators to get both Delhi and Mumbai, both its most expensive acquisitions.
– Has won 3G in all circles where it has 900 MHz spectrum
– Is the only operator to win spectrum in 6 circles in the 1969-1974 Mhz band: in Delhi, Kolkata, Himachal, Orissa, North East and Jammu & Kashmir
– Has won all Category C circles for less than Rs 500 crores
– Claims to be the only operator that has pan India 3G capability in CDMA and among the top 3 with highest coverage in WCDMA
– Says it will have minimum 3G network CAPEX investment, and is 3G Ready
– RCOM plans to strongly leverage its media, gaming, cinema and broadcasting businesses for 3G

Aircel

– Has won spectrum in 13 circles for Rs. 6499.46 crores, the least cost per circle
– Does not have spectrum in the expensive but high ARPU Delhi and Mumbai circles
– It’s most expensive circles are: Karnataka (Rs. 1579.91 crores) and Rs. 1464.94 crores, followed by Andhra Pradesh at Rs. 1373.14 crores
– It has spectrum in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kolkata, Kerala, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh (East), West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, North East and Jammu & Kashmir
– Has spectrum in 7 circles in the 1974-1979 Mhz band: Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Bihar, and Assam. This is the most circles any telecom operator has in a single band.
–  Has spectrum in the 1964-1969 Mhz band in Jammu & Kashmir

Idea Cellular

– Has won spectrum in 11 circles for Rs. 5768.59 crores, though it did not win in Delhi and Mumbai
– Won spectrum in 11 circles: in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh (E), Uttar Pradesh (W), Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir
– Has won 5 circles in the  1969-1964Mhz band: Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir
– Has won 5 circles in the 1969-1974 Mhz band: Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh (East), Uttar Pradesh (West) and Himachal Pradesh.
– Gujarat is the lone circle where Idea Cellular has spectrum in the 1974-1979 MHz band

Vodafone

– Has spectrum in 9 circles for Rs. 11617.86 million, and has spent the second highest amount in these auctions
– Opted out of most Category C circles, and got Delhi and Mumbai
– Has spectrum in Delhi, Mumbai, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Kolkata, Haryana, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh (East)
– Doesn’t have either Karnataka or Andhra Pradesh, so Vodafone Bangalore and Hyderabad customers will have to look to other telecom operators.

Tata Teleservices

– Will pay 5864.29 crores for spectrum in 9 circles
– Doesn’t have spectrum in Delhi or Mumbai, so Tata Docomo customers will lose out
– Has spectrum in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh (West), Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh
– Spectrum is equitably distributed within bands – three circles each for 1959-1964 Mhz, 1969-1974 Mhz and 1974-1979 Mhz band

S-Tel

– S-Tel won spectrum in 3 Circles for Rs. 337.67 crores
– It has spectrum in Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa
– Surprisingly, S Tel did not try to get 3G spectrum in circles where it doesn’t have license for 2G services. It has license to offer 2G services in Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, North East, Orissa.

MTNL

Though it did not participate in the 3G Auction, MTNL will have to pay Rs. 6564 crores for spectrum in the two cities of Delhi and Mumbai. It is currently grappling with losses (Rs. 1573.76 crores in Q4-2010), and a fairly low subscriber base of 3G customers – only 348,000 as of 31st March 2010, despite having launched services a year ago. Is it worth it, for MTNL?

Circlewise Information

Delhi: Rs. 3316.93 crores
Vodafone: 1959-1964 Mhz
Bharti Airtel: 1969-1974 Mhz
Reliance: 1974-1979 Mhz
– Money raised from the Delhi circle is Rs. 13,268 crores, with Rs. 9,852 crores from the three private telecom operators

Mumbai: Rs. 3247.07 crores
Reliance: 1959-1964 Mhz
Vodafone: 1969-1974 Mhz
Bharti Airtel: 1974-1979 Mhz
– Money raised from the Mumbai circle is Rs. 12,988 crores, with Rs. 9549 crores being paid by private telecom operators

Maharashtra: Rs. 1,257.82
Tata: 1959-1964 Mhz
Idea: 1969-1974 Mhz
Vodafone: 1974-1979 Mhz
– Money raised from the Maharashtra circle is Rs. 12,988 crores, with Rs. 9549 crores being paid by private telecom operators

Gujarat: Rs. 1,076.06 crores
Tata: 1959-1964 Mhz
Vodafone: 1969-1974 Mhz
Idea: 1974-1979 Mhz

Andhra Pradesh: Rs. 1,373.14 crores
Bharti Airtel : 1959-1964 Mhz
Idea: 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel: 1974-1979 Mhz

Karnataka: Rs. 1,579.91 crores
Tata: 1959-1964 Mhz
Aircel 1969-1974 Mhz
Bharti Airtel: 1974-1979 Mhz

Tamil Nadu: Rs. 1,464.94 crores
Bharti 1959-1964 Mhz
Vodafone 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel 1974-1979 Mhz

Kolkata: 544.26 crores
Vodafone 1959-1964 Mhz
Aircel 1969-1974 Mhz
Reliance 1974-1979 Mhz

Kerala: Rs. 312.48 crores
Idea 1959-1964 Mhz
Tata 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel 1974-1979 Mhz

Punjab: Rs. 322.01 crores
Idea 1959-1964 Mhz
Reliance 1964-1969 Mhz
Tata 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel 1974-1979 Mhz

Haryana: Rs. 222.58 crores
Idea 1959-1964 Mhz
Tata 1969-1974 Mhz
Vodafone 1974-1979 Mhz

Uttar Pradesh (E): Rs. 364.57 crores
Aircel 1959-1964 Mhz
Idea 1969-1974 Mhz
Vodafone 1974-1979 Mhz

Uttar Pradesh (W): Rs. 514.04 crores
Bharti 1959-1964 Mhz
Idea 1969-1974 Mhz
Tata 1974-1979 Mhz

Rajasthan Rs. 321.03 crores
Reliance 1959-1964 Mhz
Bharti 1969-1974 Mhz
Tata 1974-1979 Mhz

Madhya Pradesh Rs. 358.36 crores
Idea 1959-1964 Mhz
Reliance 1969-1974 Mhz
Tata 1974-1979 Mhz

West Bengal Rs. 123.63 crores
Bharti 1959-1964 Mhz
Reliance 1964-1969 Mhz
Vodafone 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel 1974-1979 Mhz

Himachal Pradesh Rs. 37.23 crores
Bharti 1959-1964 Mhz
STel 1964-1969 Mhz
Idea 1969-1974 Mhz
Reliance 1974-1979 Mhz

Bihar Rs. 203.46 crores
STel 1959-1964 Mhz
Bharti 1964-1969 Mhz
Reliance 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel 1974-1979 Mhz

Orissa Rs. 96.98 crores
STel 1959-1964 Mhz
Aircel 1969-1974 Mhz
Reliance 1974-1979 Mhz

Assam Rs. 41.48 crores
Reliance 1959-1964 Mhz
Bharti 1969-1974 Mhz
Aircel 1974-1979 Mhz

North East Rs. 42.30 crores
Aircel 1959-1964 Mhz
Bharti 1969-1974 Mhz
Reliance 1974-1979 Mhz

Jammu &Kashmir: Rs. 30.30 Cr
Idea 1959-1964 Mhz
Aircel 1964-1969 Mhz
Reliance 1969-1974 Mhz
Bharti 1974-1979 Mhz

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  • Sanjeev reddy

    @muhammed, u r right..Airtel and Vodafone show foolishness…they dont opt Kerala and ,which has most tech savvy users(aftr Mumbai) in india.i think idea will make good profit frm kerala.i’m working in kerala for 3 years.keralites have 2nd place in internet usage..

  • http://Xx Ajmal

    @muhammed, u r right..Airtel and Vodafone show foolishness…they dont opt Kerala and ,which has most tech savvy users(aftr Mumbai) in india.i think idea will make good profit frm kerala.i’m working in kerala for 3 years.keralites have 2nd place in internet usage..

  • subbu

    Idea y left in Karnataka

  • abhishek

    I hate the fact that Airtel does not care about its Maharashtra users even after being the number 2 operator in the circle. (that too by a very small margin). An operator how has Mumbai must also have Maharastra and Gujrat.
    Being a premium user getting a lot of frills from Airtel I hate to shift. All my loyalty privileges will go down the drain. But Airtel has left me with no choice.I hate Airtel for this.

  • amit jaju chimur

    idea rocks
    i think by wining a licence in kerla, maha and madhya pradesh idea going to top in this region i hate reliance

  • Jayantj

    Reliance got spectrum in assam. Hurray cheap rates as low capex. All others need to upgrade their network.

  • arum

    definitely the prices must fall

  • chandra

    i so wanted tata to win in orissa, no airtel no vodafone, stel and aircel are sad and i just hate rcomm

  • Nova9ind

    AIRCEL_ Has spectrum in 7 circles in the 1974-1979 Mhz band: Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Bihar, and Assam. This is the most circles any telecom operator has in a single band. No1 Top Mhz

  • Aman Ujjwal

    Thanks Airtel for getting a spectrum in Bihar/JHK. But they missed the trick by not getting the spectrum in Kolkata.They would have loved to do that. If I would have been in Sunil Bharti Mittal's shoe. I would have taken spectrum for Kolkata and sacrificed West Bengal. I think Airtel must be having some Budget limitations. Nice to see entire North East being coverred by Airtel. Karnataka,Mumbai and Delhi are some good choices opt by Airtel. IN short proud to be a loyal Airtel Mobile customer from past 5 years. Keep it up. ) I purchased the Airtel Sim the very fast day Airtel was launched in Bihar. Now getting the returns.

  • rafeeq

    i wish airtel could have picked up in kerala …………….
    idiots………

  • tejus

    I have been using 3g since 3 years in Australia and since I am back now 3g auctions have come in a good time.
    I can use my Iphone 4 to the fullest now!